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Re-constructing The Political And Educational Contexts Of The Metu Project

Middle East Technical University Library E-Thesis Archive

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Field Value
 
Title Re-constructing The Political And Educational Contexts Of
The Metu Project
 
Creator Yorgancioglu, Derya
 
Subject LA History of Education 181283
METU Faculty of Architecture, Charles Abrams, G. Holmes Perkins, history of
education, history of architectural education, United Nations Technical Assistance Program,
education and society.
 
Description This dissertation focuses on the roles played by the United Nations experts Charles Abrams
and G. Holmes Perkins in the foundation of METU Faculty of Architecture. It aims to
highlight the ideas and ideals that informed Abrams&rsquo
s and Perkins&rsquo
s METU projects, and to
delineate an integrative and multifaceted picture of their political and educational contexts.
This picture may serve as a basis for future researches on the institutional and educational
histories of METU Faculty of Architecture. It may also help to better understand the
contributions of other administrators and instructors -- including First Acting Dean Thomas
B. A. Godfrey and Dean Abdullah Kuran -- who played important parts in the formation of
the educational direction of the Faculty.
Abrams, as a United Nations consultant, paved the way for the foundation of METU Faculty
of Architecture by recommending a school of architecture and community planning in
Ankara, for the education of professionals competent in responding to the problems caused
by rapid industrial expansion and urbanization. Perkins contributed to the foundation process
of METU Faculty of Architecture. As the head of the team of experts from the University of
Pennsylvania School of Fine Arts, who were sent by the United Nations to Ankara in 1955,
he advised the Government of Turkey on &ldquo
the creation of a Faculty of Architecture, a Faculty of City and Regional Planning&rdquo
and two research institutes, as a first step towards an
institution of university rank, and with a view to promoting &ldquo
a newer, more practical and
modern approach to architecture and urban planning&rdquo
in Turkey.
In this dissertation, Abrams&rsquo
s and Perkins&rsquo
s METU projects constitute a starting point for
exploring significant themes in the changing political and educational trajectories in America
in the mid-twentieth century. The influence of different interpretations of the notions of
democracy, individuality and society on technical assistance, urban development policies
and architectural education is also investigated.
Abrams&rsquo
s professional and academic position as a &ldquo
reflective practitioner&rdquo
is appraised in the
light of John Dewey&rsquo
s concepts of democracy, democratic education and &ldquo
reflective
thinking.&rdquo
The changing professional and societal roles of the architect and the changing
demands upon architectural education in the 1950s framed the background of Perkins&rsquo
s
educational approach. The reappraisal of liberal education as part of professional education
of the architect, the rising significance of an interdisciplinary pedagogical approach, and the
development of &ldquo
organized research&rdquo
in architecture were among the major themes shaping
new orientations in the field of architectural education in America in those years. In the
dissertation, the lasting validity of these themes for today is highlighted.
 
Publisher METU
 
Contributor Akozer, Emel
 
Date 2010-09-01
 
Type Ph.D. Thesis
 
Format text/pdf
 
Identifier http://etd.lib.metu.edu.tr/upload/12612665/index.pdf
 
Language Eng
 
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